An artist's rendering of what Alexandria might have looked like when it was the capital of Egypt.
For 300 years Alexandria was the greatest city of the European world. It was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 BC as the capital of his Egyptian dominion and a naval base for the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Famous Greek scientists and philosophers visited and studied in Alexandria.
The role of Alexandria and its contribution to the development of science is the topic of Lecture 10.
Illustration: public domain