The heartland of the Ottoman empire as it existed c. 1281 - 1446
The empire during its golden age under Süleyman the Magnificent c. 1556
The remnants of the empire c. 1923
Maps: public domain
McDougall, E. A. The History of the Ottoman Empire
http://www.humanities.ualberta.ca/ottoman/map.htm (accessed 17 February 2004)
Map design: Amal Ghazal.